Hacienda Yaxcopoil is a
plantation dating back to the 17th century. The name
Yaxcopoil means "The Place of the Green Alamo Trees" in Maya
and was named after the Mayan ruins nearby. The Hacienda
represents the history of three great periods in the Yucatán
Peninsula: the pre-Columbian period, the Spanish colonial
period, and the boom years of henequén cultivation during
the late 19th and early 20th century. The Hacienda is
situated between Temozón and Uman.
Hacienda Yaxcopoil was once considered one of the most
important rural estates in the
due to its size and magnificence. It covered about 22,000
acres of land at the time of its greatest splendor,
operating first as a cattle ranch and later as a henequén
plantation. Over time, due to continuous political, social
and economic changes, the estate has been reduced to less
than 3 per cent of its original size.
Traveling south on the highway to
the Puuc Route,
you will recognize Yaxcopoil by its characteristic
monumental "Moorish Double Arch." This typical structure of
the colonial period, possibly the most beautiful one of
is an open gate offering a cordial welcome to visitors. The
hacienda is open daily for tours. The grounds also offer a
private guest house, a museum of Mayan artifacts, as well as
a gift shop and snack bar.
A tour of
Yaxcopoil will reveal that it is one of the few haciendas
that has been maintained in its original condition. The
spaces and furnishings that were used during the late 19th
century are presented realistically, giving the visitor the
effect of stepping back in time. Here you will find
antiques, machinery and other typical articles used during
the hacienda's period of splendor.
building (casa principal) contains large lounges and drawing
rooms, spacious corridors with high ceilings, and extensive
gardens with varieties of colors and exuberant vegetation
that create a unique and incomparable atmosphere. The
original European furniture hints at the wealth and tastes
of a bygone era.
room is presided over by two oil paintings showing Don
Donaciano García Rejón and his wife Doña Monica Galera, who
acquired the hacienda in 1864. Since then the estate has
been passed down through the generations to its present
owner, a descendant of Don Donaciano and Doña Monica. The
office contains books, maps, documents, and other
collections that form part of the archives of Yaxcopoil's
administration over the years.
hacienda's chapel holds an oil painting from the colonial
period with the image of its patron saint, San Geronimo de
Yaxcopoil, who is still venerated in the town near the
hacienda. The dining room and kitchen portray the genteel
manner of domestic and country life.
orchard area, the water tanks, dressing rooms and the well
with their US-American made motor and pump of the early
twentieth century, still in use today, are supplying water
for the daily demand.
One of the
halls of Yaxcopoil is called the "Maya Room." It has been
converted into a museum for display of numerous pieces of
ancient pottery and other archeological relics of the
"Classic Period" (250 – 900 AD) found in the Mayan ruins of
Yaxcopoil. These ruins are located near the Hacienda within
the montes (forest and scrub land). The ruins consist of
numerous unexcavated pyramids with heights that vary from
six to twenty meters, a court for ceremonial ball games, and
Stellas, which are scattered in an area of about eight
Hacienda Yaxcopoil also has a large machine house, or “Casa
de Maquinas,” where the henequén shredding machines (planta
desfibradora) were used to render fibers from the henequén
plant. In the engine room, which is maintained in good
condition, there is a 100 HP German diesel motor made by
Körting (Hanover) in 1913. The engine was used until 1984,
when the production of henequén fiber in the hacienda ended,
after more than a century in operation.
and storehouse are beautifully decorated with neoclassic
columns and four sculptures representing the seasons of the
year. As you exit the front door of the engine room, you can
see other plantation buildings at the far end of the central
square (manga): the school, the hospital, the store, and
some houses for the workers.
Yaxcopoil is undoubtedly the best known and most accessible
henequén hacienda in the
area. The classical hacienda architecture of the main
building and the henequén shredding plant have been the
scenic background for various movies and television
A visit to a
hacienda is important in order to understand the rich
history of the
While many haciendas have been destroyed or allowed to fall
into ruin, Hacienda Yaxcopoil has been preserved.
Come visit and step back into history!
reservations, availability and bookings, please contact us